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Palestinian American Womens Marriages within and beyond Borders Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies Duke University Press

Often, after months of waiting for treatment approval, prisoners learn that their treatment has been set on the same date as scheduled family visits, which themselves are often difficult to secure. Nisreen describes several wounded prisoners whose suffering was also magnified by the fact that approval for simple treatment transfers took months.

On the same day, a joint effort by all four of the committees participated in a program calling women to join popular committees, trade unions, boycotts, and encouraging a ‘home economy’ built off locally produced food and clothing. Although serving a role in the uprising, the call for check here https://countrywaybridalboutique.com/asian-women-features/palestinian-women-features/ women’s liberation was sidelined for the national movement as the UNLU would exclude women from participating in demonstrations and retaining an attitude that was viewed as conservative and condescending. Al-Haq firmly condemns all violations of women’s rights by Israel and any act of violence perpetrated by the Israeli military against Palestinian women.

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The Ministry of Women’s Affairs in Palestine, established in 2003, is the main governmental agency responsible for promoting and protecting women’s rights. Government ministries promote reform of discriminatory laws and gender units have been established in each ministry. When a woman gets a divorce, she has custody of her children up until they are a certain age, depending on whether they live in the Gaza Strip or the West Bank.

Deprived of land, as well as of the opportunity to transition into a future in their homeland, Palestinian female narrators reinforce the importance of remembrance. Israeli colonization not only sought to appropriate land; it also imposed fabricated narratives to eliminate the Palestinian memory process. Oral history reclaimed the process of memory and created pathways through which the Palestinian people can identity and thus communicate and preserve their history. Ambitious, outspoken and bold, Linda shatters stereotypes of Muslim women while also treasuring her religious and ethnic heritage.

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This marginalization created different strata within the Palestinian people, with varying degrees of isolation. Palestinian refugee narratives are less likely to be heard as the international humanitarian aid narrative took precedence.

Born in Kuwait in 1970 to refugees of the 1967 War, Susan Abulhawa is no stranger to the struggles of displacement. At 10 years old, she moved to East Jerusalem, where she boarded at an all-girls school and orphanage before leaving to the US. While those conditions might sound difficult, Abulhawa remembers them joy, finding bliss in being able to explore her family’s roots in a way that many refugees cannot. This is exactly what female activists beginning in the First Intifada ( ) warned against. “We will not be another Algeria,” they protested, vowing not to allow their gender interests to be subverted to political processes, as occurred in Algeria following independence. Following the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, the participation of Palestinian women in opposition was almost non-existent due to a strict social order in society at the time.

The reason for this change is that women are becoming needed in the labor market, changing the economic situation in the West Bank. The Palestinian Labor Law of 2000 was enacted in an attempt to create some uniformity of legal precedents for labor laws across the various jurisdictions of Palestinian territories.

As the Occupying Power, Israel must comply with its obligations under international humanitarian and human rights law. In particular, Israel must abide by the United Nations Convention on the Eliminations of All Forms of Discriminations against Women , which it ratified in 1979.

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Psychological violence is only one of the possible forms of violence against women, along with physical and sexual violence. The phenomenon of violence against women is a severe human rights violation and precludes women from playing a central role in society. In addition, the difficult socio-economic conditions, a result of Israel’s ongoing occupation, have contributed to increasing levels of violence against Palestinian women in the private sphere. Divorce rights for women depend on the personal status laws that apply to Muslims, which state that a man can divorce his wife for any reason, while women can request divorce only under certain circumstances. If a woman proceeds to a divorce she does not need to present any evidence, but would give up any financial rights and must return her dowry.

On October 29, 1929, the first Women’s Conference was convened in Jerusalem to an audience of hundreds of women to form future programs, such as demonstrations, spreading leaflets, and organizing sit-ins, all to protest British Mandatory policies put in place on them. The lives of Palestinian women have transformed throughout many historical changes including Ottoman control, the British Mandate, and Israeli occupation. The founding of the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1964 and the later establishment of the Palestinian Authority in 1994 also played a role in redefining the roles of women in Palestine and across the Palestinian diaspora. Women have been involved in resistance movements in Palestine as well as in Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon throughout the 20th century and into the 21st century. For these women, the acts of celebrating, learning, protesting, and simply maintaining within the jails represented resolute rejection of and resistance to the oppressive conditions they were forced to live under. She says she still wakes up in the night thinking a guard is coming to count the prisoners. She now lives in Gaza with her family, where she says every day she works to rebuild her life, but she carries with her the still-imprisoned women who she left behind.

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