How Many Countries in Africa: Regions and Diversity in Language

Curious about How Many Countries in Africa? Uncover the surprising diversity and unique cultural tapestry as we explore the continent’s nations, languages, and rich history. Discover more within!

How Many Countries in Africa


How Many Countries in Africa?

Africa consists of 54 countries. Algeria holds the title of being the largest country in terms of land area.


These nations spread across different regions, each presenting their unique customs, languages, and landscapes.

In population, Nigeria takes the lead as the largest country. Additionally, two states, Western Sahara and Somaliland, have contested independence.

Africa claims the second-highest global population, with around 1 billion people, accounting for nearly 15% of the world’s total (based on the 2009 census).

The continent boasts over 1,000 official languages. Islam stands as the predominant religion, closely followed by Christianity.


What are the 5 Regions of Africa?

Northern Africa

# Country Population
1 Egypt 112,716,598
2 Algeria 45,606,480
3 Morocco 37,840,044
4 Tunisia 12,458,223
5 Libya 6,888,388
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Western Africa

# Country Population
6 Nigeria 223,804,632
7 Ghana 34,121,985
8 Côte d’Ivoire 28,873,034
9 Cameroon 28,647,293
10 Niger 27,202,843
11 Mali 23,293,698
12 Burkina Faso 23,251,485
13 Senegal 17,763,163
14 Guinea 14,190,612
15 Benin 13,712,828
16 Togo 9,053,799
17 Sierra Leone 8,791,092
18 Liberia 5,418,377
19 Mauritania 4,862,989
20 Gambia 2,773,168
21 Guinea-Bissau 2,150,842
22 Cabo Verde 598,682

Eastern Africa

# Country Population
23 Ethiopia 126,527,060
24 Tanzania 67,438,106
25 Kenya 55,100,586
26 Uganda 48,582,334
27 Mozambique 33,897,354
28 Madagascar 30,325,732
29 Malawi 20,931,751
30 Zambia 20,569,737
31 Somalia 18,143,378
32 Zimbabwe 16,665,409
33 Rwanda 14,094,683
34 Burundi 13,238,559
35 South Sudan 11,088,796
36 Eritrea 3,748,901
37 Mauritius 1,300,557
38 Djibouti 1,136,455
39 Comoros 852,075
40 Seychelles 107,660

Middle Africa

# Country Population
41 DR Congo 102,262,808
42 Angola 36,684,202
43 Congo 6,106,869
44 Central African Republic 5,742,315
45 Gabon 2,436,566
46 Equatorial Guinea 1,714,671
47 Sao Tome & Principe 231,856
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Southern Africa

# Country Population
48 South Africa 60,414,495
49 Botswana 2,675,352
50 Namibia 2,604,172
51 Lesotho 2,330,318
52 Eswatini 1,210,822
53 Mauritius 1,300,557
54 Seychelles 107,660

What is the Diversity of Languages in Africa?

Africa is a linguistic treasure, with around 1,000 to 2,000 languages, making up about a third of the world’s total.

Their populations highlight the variety of languages across Africa. In fact, over a million people speak at least 75 languages on the continent.

Africa, with its 54 nations, showcases astonishing language and cultural diversity. It houses over 2,000 languages, representing different ethnicities.


Africa’s linguistic richness is absolutely captivating from Arabic in the north to Swahili in the east, and from French in the west to Zulu in the south.

Is Africa the Biggest Continent on Earth?

No, Africa isn’t the largest continent; however, how it’s shown on well-known maps, like the Mercator projection, can make it seem smaller than its actual size.

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While Africa isn’t the largest continent on Earth, it’s actually the second largest continent, right after Asia, covering approximately one-fifth of the total land area of the planet.

What is the Historical Significance of Africa?

Africa holds a unique role in human history as the presumed “birthplace of humanity,” supported by fossil evidence of our evolution.

The borders of African nations often carry historical weight, stemming from colonial legacies and fights for freedom.

Some present-day challenges stem from these borders’ disregard for ethnic and cultural distinctions among indigenous communities.

Africa, a realm of remarkable variety, hosts 54 acknowledged nations. Each nation adds to Africa’s intricate fabric of culture, history, and society.

Be it Egypt’s pyramids, Nigeria’s vibrant markets, Kenya’s wildlife-filled plains, or South Africa’s awe-inspiring vistas, Africa’s diversity invites exploration.

For travelers, history buffs, or the curious, Africa’s 54 countries promise distinct experiences.


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