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7 common STIs you should know by now

Almost 20 million adults develop a sexually transmitted disease each year (STD). Some of the most prevalent ones have no symptoms at all. However, they can still cause major health issues. Understanding STDs can help you stay healthy now and in the future.

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 1. Genital Human Papillomavirus.

This are genital, mouth, and throat infections. HPV spreads through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. No symptoms means you can get the virus. Vaccines protect against many types of HPV. This infections are generally harmless. They usually vanish within two years. The issue is that some HPVs can cause serious health issues. People with HPV usually show no symptoms until they develop other health issues.

 2.Chlamydia.

This Infection causes discharge from the penis or vagina and burning when urinating. Most chlamydia patients show no symptoms. Chlamydia spreads through sexual contact with an infected person’s penis, vagina, mouth, or anus. An expectant mother can spread chlamydia to her baby. Even if you’ve had chlamydia before, you can re-infect.

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 3. Trichomoniasis.

This infection is caused by a parasite that is spread through sex. It can pass from man to woman, or woman to woman. The infection commonly occurs in the vagina or urethra. Trichomonas penisitis can occur in men. The infection rarely spreads to the mouth, anus, or other body areas. This usually causes no symptoms.

 4.Gonorrhea.

When bacteria penetrates a woman’s reproductive tract, it causes an STD. Men and women can acquire gonorrhea in the urethra, mouth, throat, eyes, and anus.To spread gonorrhea, a person must have sexual contact with the infected individual’s penis. Toxoplasmosis (gonorrhoea) can be passed from mother

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 5. Genital Herpes.

This infection is caused by HSV-1 or HSV-2. You can get herpes by having sex with an infected person. Herpes has modest symptoms for some. Some have none. Others get blisters like lesions around their genitals, rectum, or mouth. Itchy, stinging, blisters might burst open and become open sores. Herpes has no treatment. However, your doctor can prescribe medications to help prevent and treat breakouts.

 6. Syphilis.

Is a bacterial infection. Sores can appear on the genitals, lips, and mouth. Contact with these sores during vaginal, anal, or oral sex spreads infection. Syphilis can be passed on to a child. Symptoms of syphilis can occur up to 90 days after exposure. Antibiotics are used to treat syphilis. The faster you get syphilis treatment, the faster you recover.

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 7. Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

Viruses target the immune system when they enter. It kills white blood cells needed to fight infections. Without enough of these cells, HIV patients get pneumonia or tuberculosis. It spreads through bodily fluids like blood and semen during vaginal and anal sex. HIV has no cure. But medication helps people live longer and stay active. The medicine also reduces virus spread.

Conclusion

It’s important to know which STDs cause symptoms and which don’t. Find out who should get tested and live an infection free life.

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