Anemia is a disorder in which your body’s tissues don’t get enough oxygen because you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells. Anemia, commonly known as low hemoglobin, can leave you feeling exhausted and weak.
Anemia comes in a variety of types, each with its unique etiology. Anemia can be short-term or long-term, and it can be mild or severe. Anemia is caused by a variety of factors in the majority of cases. If you suspect you have anemia, see your doctor. It could be an indication of something more serious.
Treatments for anemia, which depend on the cause, range from taking supplements to having medical procedures. You might be able to prevent some types of anemia by eating a healthy, varied diet.
Anemia signs and symptoms vary depending on the cause and severity of anemia. Depending on the causes of your anemia, you might have no symptoms.
Signs and symptoms, if they do occur, might include:
Pale or yellowish skin
Shortness of breath
Dizziness or lightheadedness
Cold hands and feet
Anemia can be due to a condition present at birth (congenital) or to a condition you develop (acquired). Anemia occurs when your blood doesn’t have enough red blood cells.
This can happen if:
Your body doesn’t make enough red blood cells
Bleeding causes you to lose red blood cells more quickly than they can be replaced
Your body destroys red blood cells