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Lower Back Pain: Overview, Causes, and how to avoid it.

The lower back (lumbago) is the most common location for pain, but it can occur anywhere along the spine, from the neck to the hips. Back pain is common and usually caused by nothing significant and will go away with time. This article contains the causes of lower back pain and how to avoid them.

Causes Of Lower Back Pain.

Spinal stenosis

When the spinal column narrows, it puts pressure on the spinal cord and nerves, causing spinal stenosis. Degeneration of the discs between the vertebrae is the most common cause of spinal stenosis. Signs and symptoms of pressure on the spinal nerves might appear anywhere on the body. While walking or standing, many people with spinal stenosis realize that the symptoms worsen.

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Strain

Excessive activity can stretch or tear the muscles and ligaments of the back. Lower back discomfort and stiffness, as well as muscle spasms, are common symptoms. These symptoms can be treated with rest and physical treatment.

Sciatica

If a herniated disc presses on the sciatic nerve, it can cause sciatica. The sciatic nerve runs from the spine to the lower extremities. As a result, sciatica can cause leg and foot pain. Burning or pins and needles are common sensations associated with this discomfort.

Disc injury

When the cartilage surrounding the disc pushes against the spinal cord or nerve roots, it causes a herniated disc also known as a slipped or ruptured disc. The disc in the back is vulnerable to injury. With age, the disc’s outer layer can tear.

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How To Avoid Lower Back Pain

  1. Losing weight if you’re overweight
  2. Maintaining proper posture
  3. Exercising the muscles in your abdomen and back
  4. Lifting items properly by bending at the knees and lifting with the legs
  5. Avoid high-heeled shoes
  6. Sit on supportive chairs that are at the correct height.

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