Pregnancy presents the female body with numerous changes during the time of gestation. Some of these changes are physiological (normal) and tend to disappear after childbirth. e.g. Increased weight gain, postural changes, endocrine and reproductive changes, increased blood volume and blood pressure, increased respiration, feeding, renal function etc..
However, there are certain contradictions which may interfere with the health of the mother and/or that of the baby’s. One of such complications is “miscarriage”, our topic for today.
Miscarriage can be described as a spontaneous death or expulsion of a a growing foetus usually before the 20th weeks of gestation. Most forms of miscarriage occurs even before the woman knows she is pregnant. The major difference between abortion and miscarriage is self-will. Abortion is intended.
Causes of miscarriage
Sometimes chromosomes absence or mutation as the embryo divides and grows.
Also, if a couple with different rhesus factor have sexual intercourse and it results to pregnancy, miscarriage might occur if the foetus’s rhesus factor is different from that of the mother.
This happens because the negative and positive rhesus factor in the two parties react against each other, thus, resulting to miscarriage.
Sometimes after intercourse, the egg or ovum is fertilised and implanted outside the mother’s womb, mostly in the fallopian tubes. It is called an ectopic pregnancy.
Miscarriage, damage to reproductive system, and death of the mother are very high risks of ectopic pregnancies, because the embryo is nurtured in a narrow space with little nutrients available.
There are no direct cause of miscarriage in respect to the kind of food eaten during pregnancy. However, either lack of a balanced diet or food consumption in the wrong proportion and time can increase one’s risk of having miscarriage from causes such as diseases for instance. Eating highly sugary foods when you are already diabetic.
Consumption of poorly cooked foods or infected fruits can cause the transmission of certain pathogens into the mother’s body. This may also affect the health of the foetus.
Starvation is also very unhealthy during pregnancy. As a matter of fact, feeding habits increase a lot because almost all body activities are increased during pregnancy.
Disease or infections
The health of the growing baby is determined also by the health status of the mother. Certain diseases can cause miscarriage during pregnancy. E.g. thyroid disease, uncontrolled diabetes, Hormonal imbalance, Uterus or cervix issues, fibroid, etc.
Smoking habits are very unhealthy to the life of the unborn baby. Remember, the foetus feeds and excretes through the mother’s body, hence anything she takes can affect the child. Of course she herself might experience lesser complications from cigarette or tobacco smoking, but not as the unborn child.
Smoking and chronic alcoholism can cause miscarriage or results to weightlessness to newborn babies.
Illicit drugs can also cause miscarriage. Studies have shown that antibiotic drugs like metronidazole, sulfonamides, and Macrolides increases the risk of miscarriage.
It is recommended you contact your doctor before taking any medication during pregnancy.
As we said earlier, many miscarriages occur before you notice, sometimes women ignorantly take the above mentioned drugs without knowing their effects on pregnancy. This is one of the reasons for prenatal therapy; to educate pregnant women on pregnancy health tips, which is as well the sole aim of this article.
Ignorance makes couples to have multiple miscarriages in their marriage. E.g., couples who don’t know their rhesus factor.
What are the signs and symptoms of miscarriage?
These symptoms listed below will help you differentiate between abortion and menstruation periods. The symptoms of miscarriage are more intense, though similar to that of menstrual period.
Either early or late miscarriage, possible symptoms include:
Vaginal bleeding (most common)
Passage of fluids via the vagina
Pains in the pelvis
Nausea and vomiting
Cramps in the lower Tommy.
What are the types of miscarriage?
The type of miscarriage you experience will determine what signs and symptoms you will have. The common types include:
Complete Miscarriage: Total expulsion of pregnancy contents
Missed Miscarriage: Spontaneous death of an embryo without the mother’s consent.
Incomplete Miscarriage: Here, pregnancy tissue are passed out via the vagina, but some contents still remains in the uterus or womb.
Septic Miscarriage: Miscarriage caused by infections
Inevitable Miscarriage: The woman experience severe symptoms that proves miscarriage cannot be stopped or prevented.
What are the preventive measures for miscarriage?
The major role you can play during pregnancy to avoid miscarriage include:
Avoid unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking and alcoholism
Prenatal health care is highly recommended
Eat a balance diet
Avoid poorly prepared meals
Avoid highly proteinous foods especially during late pregnancies
Maintain a good sanitary health and hygiene
Watch your body weight.
What should I do after miscarriage?
Miscarriage sometimes results to emotional issues like depression and anxiety.
However, you should try to get over it and prepare to conceive again. Most miscarriages occur only once, especially if you sink medical attention.
After miscarriage, enable to to visit your doctor regularly for medical check up. It is also health wise to eat lots of fruits and vegetables to regain blood loss from vaginal bleeding.
Seek a blood test to check cases of hormonal imbalance. Pelvic and uterine examinations are also advisable.
If you have a challenge of rhesus factor incompatibility, your doctor will administer an injectable drug called immune globulins to prevent rhesus factor allergy the next time you conceive.