CSSPS: Navigating the Senior High School Programme

Cssps is an important educational program for senior secondary students. Learn what it entails, how it works, and why it matters in this detailed guide.




Comprehensive Senior Secondary School Programmes (Cssps) are a critical aspect of education for senior secondary school students.

Comprehensive Senior Secondary School Programmes, or Cssps, are educational initiatives created with senior secondary students in mind.


These courses are to give students a well-rounded education and prepare them for the challenges of postsecondary study and the workforce.

Mathematics, English, and science are among the three basic disciplines that make up Cssps, along with a number of electives.

Elective courses can range greatly depending on the institution and the student’s interests, although they frequently cover topics like business studies, information technology, and the visual arts. 

The History and Evolution of CSSPS

In Ghana, the former senior secondary school system was replaced in 2007 by the Comprehensive Senior Secondary School Programme (Cssps).


The remaining three years of a student’s six-year education in the previous system were theirs to use to pursue a specialization in one of the three academic fields—arts, business, or science.

In an effort to give senior secondary school students a more thorough education, the government introduced Cssps.

With a more varied curriculum and a well-rounded education, Cssps aimed to better equip students for the challenges of both higher education and the workforce.

The Cssps program has undergone numerous modifications and enhancements throughout time.

All pupils who passed the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE) were required by the government’s new policy, which went into effect in 2017, to be enrolled in a senior secondary school through the Cssps program.

No matter their financial situation, all students would have access to a senior secondary school under this proposal.

The government has also worked to raise the standard of instruction provided through the Cssps program. This has included the distribution of instructional materials, teacher preparation programs, and infrastructure upgrades for schools.

Cssps is still a crucial instructional program for Ghanaian senior secondary school students today. It is highly known for its capacity to give pupils an education that is well-rounded and equips them with the difficulties of both further education and the workforce.

The Cssps program will probably continue to change and adapt as education does in order to suit the demands of students and society.

How Does CSSPS Work?

The three-year Comprehensive Senior Secondary School Program (Cssps) gives pupils a well-rounded education and helps them get ready for both higher education and the workforce. Cssps functions as follows:

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Application Requirements

To get admission to Cssps, students must have successfully completed the Junior High School (JHS) program and the Basic Education Certificate Examination (BECE).

 The admission process is based on the students’ BECE results and their choice of senior high schools.

Core Curriculum

The optional topics and the core curriculum are the two components of the Cssps curriculum.

Languages like English, math, science, social studies, and physical education are all covered by the core curriculum. For all students, these disciplines are necessary.

Elective Subjects

Additionally, students select elective courses in accordance with their interests and future plans. Science, technology, engineering, and business courses are examples of electives.

Teaching and Learning

Cssps helps students meet their academic objectives by combining in-class instruction, real-world experience, and individual study.

Teachers use a number of teaching strategies, including lectures, group projects, and hands-on activities, to interest students and promote learning.

Evaluation & Assessment

Students at Cssps are evaluated using a variety of techniques, including projects, practical exams, and practical assessments.

The outcomes of assessments are what they will use to monitor student growth and pinpoint areas that require further help.


After completing the three-year program successfully, students get a Senior High School Certificate for having satisfactorily completed the core curriculum and their selected elective topics.

Students who complete this certificate will have the skills necessary to seek further education or start a career, and it is recognized by colleges and businesses.

How to Choose Elective Subjects in Cssps

For students in Cssps, selecting electives might be a difficult choice. The following advice will assist students in making wise decisions:

Determine Your Strengths and Interests

Determining your interests and strengths is the first step in selecting elective courses. Students should consider subjects that they enjoy and excel in, as this will increase their chances of success and satisfaction.

Consider Future Career Aspirations

Students should also consider their future career aspirations when choosing elective subjects. They should research the requirements for their desired careers and choose elective subjects that align with these requirements.

Seek Guidance

Students can seek guidance from their teachers, parents, or guidance counselors when choosing elective subjects. These individuals can provide valuable insights into the subjects and the potential benefits of studying them.

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Research Course Requirements

Students should research the course requirements for their desired tertiary institutions. This will help them identify the subjects that are required or recommended for admission.

Be Realistic

It is essential to be realistic when choosing elective subjects. Students should consider their academic abilities and workload when making their choices. They should also consider the time and resources required for each subject.

Keep an Open Mind

Finally, students should keep an open mind when choosing elective subjects. They should consider subjects that they may not have studied before, as this can offer new opportunities for growth and learning.

The Role of Teachers in Cssps

In the Comprehensive Senior Secondary School Programme (Cssps), teachers are essential. The following are some of the major duties and roles that teachers do in Cssps:

Curriculum Delivery

Delivering the Cssps curriculum to students is the responsibility of the teachers. This includes planning and preparing lessons, delivering lectures, facilitating discussions, and providing guidance and support to students.

Assessment and Evaluation

Teachers are also responsible for assessing and evaluating students’ learning. This includes setting and grading assignments, administering tests and exams, and providing feedback to students.

Classroom Management

It is the duty of teachers to control the classroom atmosphere and make sure that it promotes learning. This includes maintaining discipline, promoting a positive learning environment, and addressing student concerns.

Student Support

Teachers are essential in helping kids advance both academically and personally. This includes providing guidance and advice, offering academic support, and referring students to appropriate resources and services.

Professional Development

Teachers in Cssps also engage in ongoing professional development to enhance their skills and knowledge.

This includes attending training sessions, workshops, and conferences and engaging in research and collaboration with other educators.

What are the Challenges and Criticisms?

Although the Comprehensive Senior Secondary School Programme (Cssps) has many advantages, there are some drawbacks and criticisms of the scheme as well. The followings are some of the main objections and challenges to Cssps:

Restricted Capacity

One of the biggest issues with Cssps is its restricted capacity. Overcrowded classrooms, poor facilities, and a lack of instructional materials can be as a result of a lack of infrastructure and resources in many schools.

Lack of Competent Teachers

A further issue facing Cssps is the lack of competent teachers. Recruiting and retaining instructors with the requisite training and credentials to deliver the program effectively is a challenge for many institutions.

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Uneven Quality

The standard of Cssps instruction might differ greatly between institutions. While some schools might employ qualified and experienced teachers, other institutions can lack the resources or expertise required to deliver high-quality education.

Exam Emphasis

According to Cssps detractors, the program places an excessive amount of value on test results and exam results.

Instead of encouraging critical thinking and problem-solving skills, this may result in a restricted reliance on rote learning and memorizing.

Lack of Flexibility

The Cssps curriculum is rigorous, with little room for scheduling and subject selection. The ability of students to follow their hobbies and professional goals may not be possible because of this.

By giving more possibilities to pupils from wealthy homes who attend schools with superior resources, the Cssps, according to its detractors, reinforces educational disparity.

Less fortunate students might not have the same opportunities and resources, which would reduce their chances of success.

The Benefits of CSSPS for Students

Cssps offers several benefits for senior secondary school students. Here are some of the key benefits:

Well-Rounded Education

Students at Cssps experience a well-rounded education, covering a wide range of courses in a thorough and balanced manner.

Opportunity to Explore Interests

Students at Cssps have the option to study elective areas that complement their personal interests and professional goals.

They are able to do this and build expertise in particular fields of study, which might aid them in making decisions regarding their future.

Higher Education Preparation

Cssps is meant to get pupils ready for the difficulties of tertiary education. Studying a variety of subjects, including the three basic disciplines of math, science, and English, equips students with the foundational knowledge and skills necessary to succeed in higher education.

Improved Career Prospects

Students’ career prospects can be improved by the complete education offered by Cssps. Employers frequently want people with diverse skill sets, and graduates of Cssps are well-prepared to meet these requirements.

Personal Development

Cssps also provides opportunities for personal growth, such as the improvement of communication, problem-solving, and critical thinking abilities.

These skills are essential for success in many areas of life and can help pupils grow personally and improve their well-being.

Students, parents, and educators may choose their education and future with knowledge of what Cssps involves, how it functions, and why it matters.


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